CERTH calculates environmental performance indicators for each individual process units part of the chain using a Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) methodology. Compliance of BioSFerA technology against the sustainability requirements of the RED II Directive is evaluated. Main indicators included in the assessment are: primary energy and GHG balances for biomass supply, pre-treatment, gasification, fermentation and fractionation of hydrogenated TAGs. Environmental benefits in terms of GHG emissions reduction generated in the production of biofuels are calculated.
In the context of a Social Life Cycle Analysis (S-LCA), the impact of the new fuels is analysed. The criteria for the SLCA that BioSFerA adopt are based on insights in the whole value chain of aviation and marine fuel from academia, social/environmental organizations, and governmental agencies with relevance to fuels. For this purpose, several semi-quantitive and qualitative indicators are taken into consideration.